Sun Microsystems introduced the Java Community Process (JCP) on December 8, 1998, to provide a blueprint for the Java community's activities. Almost from the start, the JCP became the target of intense criticism from the Java developer community: the JCP wasn't open enough, or efficient enough, or effective enough in promoting Java. Partly in response to those criticisms, the JCP has changed over time. In this article, we evaluate the JCP's effectiveness based on measurable facts of its four-year history to see if these criticisms are based on truth or mere perception.
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