Optimize with a SATA RAID Storage Solution
Range of capacities as low as $1250 per TB. Ideal if you currently rely on servers/disks/JBODs
The specification is not quite finished; the Proposed Final Draft is one step away from a formal Final Release, and technical details are still subject to change. However, those changes should not be significant -- in fact, server vendors have already begun to implement the new features. That means now is a good time to start learning about what's coming in Servlet API 2.3.
In this article, I will describe in detail everything that changed between API 2.2 and API 2.3. I will also explain the reasons for the changes and demonstrate how to write servlets using the new features. To keep the article focused, I will assume you're familiar with the classes and methods of previous versions of the Servlet API. If you're not, you can peruse the Resources section for links to sites (and my new book!) that will help get you up to speed.
Servlet API 2.3 actually leaves the core of servlets relatively untouched, which indicates that servlets have reached a high level of maturity. Most of the action has involved adding new features outside the core. Among the changes:
HttpUtilsclass has been deprecated
Other clarifications have been made, but they mostly concern server vendors, not general servlet programmers (except for the fact that programmers will see improved portability), so I'll omit those details.
Before I begin my examination, let me point out that version 2.3 has been released as a draft specification only. Most of the features discussed here won't yet work with all servers. If you want to test those features, I recommend downloading the official reference implementation server, Apache Tomcat 4.0. It's open source, and you can download the server for free. Tomcat 4.0 is currently in beta release; its support for API 2.3 is getting better, but is still incomplete. Read the NEW_SPECS.txt file that comes with Tomcat 4.0 to learn its level of support for all new specification features. (See Resources for more information on Tomcat.)
One of the first things you should note about Servlet API 2.3 is that servlets now depend on the Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition 1.2 (also known as J2SE 1.2 or JDK 1.2). This small, but important, change means you can now use J2SE 1.2 features in your servlets and be guaranteed that the servlets will work across all servlet containers. Previously, you could use J2SE 1.2 features, but servers were not required to support them.