Get started with Hibernate

Introducing and configuring Hibernate

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  • Pass an instance of java.util.Properties to Configuration.setProperties()
  • Set system properties using java -Dproperty=value
  • Place a file called hibernate.properties in the classpath
  • Include <property> elements in hibernate.cfg.xml in the classpath

The first and second options are rarely used except for quick testing and prototypes, but most applications need a fixed configuration file. Both the hibernate.properties and the hibernate.cfg.xml files provide the same function: to configure Hibernate. Which file you choose to use depends on your syntax preference. It's even possible to mix both options and have different settings for development and deployment

A rarely used alternative option is to allow the application to provide a JDBC Connection when it opens a Hibernate Session from the SessionFactory (for example, by calling sessions.openSession(myConnection)). Using this option means that you don't have to specify any database connection properties. We don't recommend this approach for new applications that can be configured to use the environment's database connection infrastructure (for example, a JDBC connection pool or an application server datasource).

Christian Bauer is a member of the Hibernate developer team and is also responsible for the Hibernate Website and documentation. Bauer is interested in relational database systems and sound data management in Java applications. He works as a developer and consultant for JBoss and lives in Frankfurt, Germany. Gavin King is the founder of the Hibernate project and lead developer. He is an enthusiastic proponent of agile development and open source software. King is helping integrate ORM technology into the J2EE standard as a member of the EJB 3 Expert Group. He is a developer and consultant for JBoss, based in Melbourne, Australia.

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